Though pursuing a wide range of interests in personality and psychopathology, Salvatore R. Maddi is especially concerned with stress management and creativity. According to him, these are best considered related concerns, integrated by the personality hardiness model. Through deepening the attitudes of commitment, control, and challenge marking hardiness, persons can simultaneously develop, reach their potentialities, and cope with the stresses encountered on the way. Maddi’s research concerns these topics, using naturalistic designs and training with a range of adult and adolescent subjects in their occupational, familial, and school settings. Also studied is the role of psychosocial factors in the etiology and progression of various physical illnesses.
Dr Maddi will be presenting a keynote on “Hardiness Protects Against Internet Addiction and Excessive Consumer Spending”
Hardiness Protects Against Internet Addiction and Excessive Consumer Spending
Hardiness is the pattern of attitudes and skills that facilitate turning life’s stressful circumstances from potential disasters into growth opportunities instead. Over the last 35 years, research has shown that hardiness facilitates performance in a variety of contexts, and protects against negative emotional states and physical symptoms of strain. Resolving stressors through the hard work involved in the courage and skills of hardiness appears to be a valuable life orientation.
This presentation reports on an extension of hardiness research into areas of functioning that suggest attempts to deny and avoid stressful circumstances, rather than doing the hard work of resolving them and growing in that process. Expressions of this denial and avoidance may well include excessive consumer spending, gambling, and addiction to the internet. All of these excessive activities may well distract one from what is really going on in one’s life.
The research findings in this presentation confirm that there is a negative relationship between hardiness and internet addiction, gambling, and excessive consumer spending. These findings add further validation to hardiness conceptualization, and point to the importance of assessing one’s hardiness level and engaging in hardiness training if necessary.
Hardiness Assessment and Training
Co-presented with Deborah M. Khoshaba, Ph.D
This workshop will cover an introduction to Hardiness assessment and training. As to assessment, the development of the HardiSurvey III-R, and how it can be used online will be discussed. The assessment includes the Hardy Attitudes of commitment, control, and challenge, along with the Hardy Skills of problem-solving (rather than avoidance) coping, socially-supportive (rather than conflictrful) interactions, and beneficial (rather than undermining) self-care. As to training, the elements of HardiTraining will be discussed. These include Problem-solving Coping, Socially-supportive (rather than conflictful) Interactions, and Beneficial (rather than undermining) Self-Care. Also discussed will be how Hardiness assessment and training can be used, including their availability online.