StanStanley Krippnerley Krippner, Ph.D., is Professor of Psychology and Integrative Inquiry at Saybrook University. He is past president of the International Association for the Study of Dreams and received that group’s career achievement award. He is co-author of Extraordinary Dreams and How to Work with Them, and co-editor of Perchance to Dream. He has also received lifetime achievement awards from the Society for Humanistic Psychology and the Parapsychological Association, as well as the American Psychological Association Award for Distinguished Contributions to the Advancement of International Psychology.

Keynote Title: Finding Meaning in Dreams: Major Theories and Methods

Keynote Abstract: Humans have always attributed various meanings to dreams, but Sigmund Freud ushered in the formal use of dream reports in psychotherapy. There are five major ways in which ancient shamans and contemporary psychotherapists have worked with dreams, namely, cultural, psychodynamic, gestalt, associational, and projection. Each of these methods will be discussed and reviewed in the light of recent research on how dreaming became adaptive over the course of human evolution. Dream interpretation may not have served adaptive functions but dreaming, especially during rapid eye movement sleep, seems to have been adaptive. In other words, dreaming is helping dreamers whether they remember their dreams or not.

Keynote Learning Objectives:

When participants leave the room, they will have:
  1. understood the difference between an unpleasant dream and a nightmares;
  2. realized that post-traumatic nightmares typically are replays of traumatizing experiences;
  3. learned the assumptions and procedures in Image Rehearsal Therapy for nightmares;
  4. fathomed the rationale regarding focusing on nightmares early in treatment rather than later;
  5. grasped the positive and negative aspects of relying on medication to control nightmares.


Workshop Title: Finding Meaning in Dreams: Specific Practical Skills

Workshop Description: Participants will be taught specific ways of finding meaning in their dreams. These methods include those that can be done by themselves, those that can be done with a partner, and those that can be done with a group.

Workshop Learning Objectives

  1. Participants will learn the difference between dreams and dreaming, and why a dream report is never a completely accurate rendition of the actual dream.
  2. Participants will learn the difference between image and symbol, and between activity and metaphor, and will be able to use this insight to derive meaning from their dream reports.
  3. Participants will learn basic safeguards involved in the proper way to engage in finding meaning in dreams, whether they are working alone, with a partner, or with a group.